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The nurse is reviewing laboratory reports of four pregnant clients and concludes that one client is at risk of delivering a baby with neurological defects. Which client’s laboratory report finding supports the nurse’s conclusion?
1. Client A
2. Client B
3. Client C
4. Client D.
Answer: Option 1 (Client A).
Option 1: Deficiency of folic acid and high levels of alpha-fetoprotein increase the risk of neural tube defects in the fetus. This could result in neurological defects in the child.
Option 2: Presence of nitrites and white blood cells in the urine indicates infection.
Option 3: Decreased triple screen values indicate chromosomal abnormalities and genetic disorders such as Down syndrome in the fetus.
Option 4: Presence of protein in urine indicates pregnancy-induced hypertension.