The nurse is reviewing the red blood cells lab reports of several children who completed their treatment regimens to improve their anemia. Which child‘s condition is most improved due to the treatment?
Rationale: Option 1: Child 1 shows decreased levels of mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean cell hemoglobin concentration, and reticulocyte count. Option 2:The normal red cell lab values in children are:
Mean corpuscular volume: 79-95 µm3
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin: 25-3 pg/cell
Mean cell hemoglobin concentration: 31%-37% Hgb [g]/dl RBC
Reticulocyte count: 0.5%-1.5%
The red cell lab values of Child 2 are normal and indicate that the child has received effective treatment. Option 3: The laboratory reports of Child 3 show decreased levels of mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean cell hemoglobin concentration, and reticulocyte count. Option 4:Child 4 has decreased levels of mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean cell hemoglobin concentration, and reticulocyte count.
A nurse is assessing four student nurses while adding sterile solution to the sterile field. Which student nurse’s action is correct?
1.) Student A
2.) Student B
3.) Student C
4.) Student D
Correct Option/Answers: 3
Rationale: Option 1: The student nurse should hold the sterile solution 4 to 6 inches above the sterile field. Pouring the sterile solution from 9 inches would lead to splashing, which in turn contaminates the sterile field. Option 2: Student B should not store the sterile solution for further use. Reusing the opened container will lead to contamination. Option 3: Student C’s action is correct. The sterile bowl should be placed at the corner of the sterile field, which would prevent the nurse from reaching over and contaminating the field. Option 4: Student D should wear the gloves after adding the supplies to the sterile field. Adding supplies after donning the sterile gloves would contaminate them.
The registered nurse is evaluating a student nurse’s understanding of the components of the medication label. Which statement made by the student nurse indicates the need for further teaching?
1.) “The generic name of the drug is ERY-TAB.”
2.) “The dosage form of the drug is delayed-release tablets.”
3.) “The drug dose per tablet is 333 mg.”
4.) “The tablet can be administered with or without meals.”
Correct Option/Answers: 1
Rationale: Option 1: ERY-TAB is the trade name of the drug, whereas erythromycin is the generic name of the drug. Option 2: The drug is available in the form of delayed-release tablets. Option 3: Each tablet contains 333 mg of the drug. Option 4: According to the special instructions on the medication label, the drug can be administered without regard to meals.
Which documentation style is appropriate according to International System of Units (SI) rules of notation?
Correct Option/Answers: 4
Rationale: Option 1: The unit symbol should be written in the singular form; therefore, it is inappropriate to document it as “8.5 mgs of medication.” Option 2: The unit symbol should not be followed by a period unless it is the last word in a sentence; therefore, it is inappropriate to write as “5 mg. of medication.” Option 3:There should be a space between the number and the unit symbol; therefore, “2mL IV injection” is inappropriate documentation. Option 4: The documentation “5 mg of medication” recorded by student nurse D is correct notation according to the International System of Units (SI) rules of notation.
The nurse is teaching a client who experiences difficulty eating about different diets that are modified according to consistency. On a follow-up visit, the nurse finds that the client has developed constipation. Which diet would the nurse suspect for causing constipation in the client?
Rationale: Option 1: Full liquids do not provide a balanced diet. However, it supplies adequate water content to the body. Therefore, it helps to relieve constipation. Option 2: Clear liquids cannot provide proteins, calories, and other nutrients to the client. However, they can be used for constipation because of high water content. Option 3: A pureed diet is a blended diet and is easy to eat. It is used for clients who have difficulty in swallowing food. Option 4:A mechanical soft diet is rich in nutrients but lacks fiber. Therefore, its intake may cause an increased risk of constipation.