Sample Test Questions

Davis Edge Question of the Week #25

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Question:
Which documentation style is appropriate according to International System of Units (SI) rules of notation?

25-q-of-the-week

Question Options:
1.) A
2.) B
3.) C
4.) D

Correct Option/Answers: 4

Rationale:
Option 1: The unit symbol should be written in the singular form; therefore, it is inappropriate to document it as “8.5 mgs of medication.”
Option 2: The unit symbol should not be followed by a period unless it is the last word in a sentence; therefore, it is inappropriate to write as “5 mg. of medication.”
Option 3: There should be a space between the number and the unit symbol; therefore, “2mL IV injection” is inappropriate documentation.
Option 4: The documentation “5 mg of medication” recorded by student nurse D is correct notation according to the International System of Units (SI) rules of notation.

Davis Edge Question of the Week #24

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Question:
The nurse is teaching a client who experiences difficulty eating about different diets that are modified according to consistency. On a follow-up visit, the nurse finds that the client has developed constipation. Which diet would the nurse suspect for causing constipation in the client?

Question Options:
1.) Full liquids
2.) Clear liquids
3.) Pureed diet
4.) Mechanical soft diet

Correct Option/Answers: 4

Rationale:
Option 1: Full liquids do not provide a balanced diet. However, it supplies adequate water content to the body. Therefore, it helps to relieve constipation.
Option 2: Clear liquids cannot provide proteins, calories, and other nutrients to the client. However, they can be used for constipation because of high water content.
Option 3: A pureed diet is a blended diet and is easy to eat. It is used for clients who have difficulty in swallowing food.
Option 4: A mechanical soft diet is rich in nutrients but lacks fiber. Therefore, its intake may cause an increased risk of constipation.

Davis Edge Question of the Week #23

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Question:
Which intervention of the new nurse when administering heparin to a client with venous thrombosis requires correction?

Question Options:
1.) Administering heparin into the umbilicus
2.) Avoiding massaging the site of administration
3.) Avoiding the administering of medication at the same site of injection repeatedly
4.) Administering heparin into the deep subcutaneous tissue of the abdomen

Correct Option/Answers: 1

Rationale:
Option 1: Administering heparin into the umbilicus increases the risk of bleeding. Therefore, the nurse should administer heparin at least 2 inches away from the umbilicus.
Option 2: Providing massage at the site of injection may cause tissue damage and may result in bruising. Therefore, the nurse should avoid massaging the site of administration.
Option 3: The nurse should avoid giving the injection at the same site repeatedly in order to prevent tissue damage and necrosis.
Option 4: Administering heparin into superficial skin layers results in skin irritation. Therefore, the nurse should administer heparin into the deep subcutaneous tissue of the abdomen.

Davis Edge NCLEX Question of the Week #22

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Question:
A nurse is teaching posture maintenance for prevention of back injuries to a client. Which statement from the client indicates effective learning? Select all that apply.

Question Options:
1.) “I should sit close to my desk at work.”
2.) “I should lock my knees when standing upright.”
3.) “I should stand still for at least one hour after having lunch.”
4.) “I should sit with my feet flat on the floor and my knees flexed below my hips.”
5.) “I should bend forward at the waist when working in a low position.”

Correct Option/Answers: 1,4

Rationale:
Option 1: Sitting close to one’s work helps maintain proper posture by eliminating the need for inappropriate bending, stretching, or straining.
Option 2: It is important not to lock the knees when standing upright to maintain good posture.
Option 3: Avoiding standing in one position for any length of time is a key method for maintaining good posture.
Option 4: Sitting with the feet flat on the floor and knees below the hips improves the body posture.
Option 5: Avoid bending forward at the waist or neck when working in low position because it may lead to improper body alignment.

Davis Edge NCLEX Question of the Week #21

We are back with another NCLEX Question of the Week! Don’t forget to try our two day FREE trial of Davis Edge NCLEX-RN, OR Davis Edge NCLEX-PN for complete access to 10,000 NCLEX-style questions, comprehensive rationales, and a comprehensive exam!

Question:
The nurse is reviewing the medical reports of four clients and concludes that one of the clients needs a potassium supplement. Which client needs a potassium supplement?

21nclex-q

Question Options:
1.) Client A
2.) Client B
3.) Client C
4.) Client D

Correct Option/Answers: 1

Rationale:
Option 1: Bumetanide-bumex is a loop diuretic and it is used to treat congestive heart failure. It depletes potassium levels in the client. So the client has a risk of potassium deficiency. Therefore, a potassium supplement is essential for Client A.

Option 2: Dopamine increases blood pressure and is used to treat Ebstein anomaly. It does not affect the potassium levels.

Option 3: Captopril relaxes the coronary arteries and is used to treat acquired congenital heart disease. Captopril does not deplete the potassium levels.

Option 4: Prostaglandin E1 maintains blood flow to the lungs and is used to treat tricuspid atresia. Prostaglandin E1 does not reduce the potassium levels.