NCLEX Prep

Davis Edge NCLEX Question of the Week #22

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Question:
A nurse is teaching posture maintenance for prevention of back injuries to a client. Which statement from the client indicates effective learning? Select all that apply.

Question Options:
1.) “I should sit close to my desk at work.”
2.) “I should lock my knees when standing upright.”
3.) “I should stand still for at least one hour after having lunch.”
4.) “I should sit with my feet flat on the floor and my knees flexed below my hips.”
5.) “I should bend forward at the waist when working in a low position.”

Correct Option/Answers: 1,4

Rationale:
Option 1: Sitting close to one’s work helps maintain proper posture by eliminating the need for inappropriate bending, stretching, or straining.
Option 2: It is important not to lock the knees when standing upright to maintain good posture.
Option 3: Avoiding standing in one position for any length of time is a key method for maintaining good posture.
Option 4: Sitting with the feet flat on the floor and knees below the hips improves the body posture.
Option 5: Avoid bending forward at the waist or neck when working in low position because it may lead to improper body alignment.

Davis Edge NCLEX Question of the Week #21

We are back with another NCLEX Question of the Week! Don’t forget to try our two day FREE trial of Davis Edge NCLEX-RN, OR Davis Edge NCLEX-PN for complete access to 10,000 NCLEX-style questions, comprehensive rationales, and a comprehensive exam!

Question:
The nurse is reviewing the medical reports of four clients and concludes that one of the clients needs a potassium supplement. Which client needs a potassium supplement?

21nclex-q

Question Options:
1.) Client A
2.) Client B
3.) Client C
4.) Client D

Correct Option/Answers: 1

Rationale:
Option 1: Bumetanide-bumex is a loop diuretic and it is used to treat congestive heart failure. It depletes potassium levels in the client. So the client has a risk of potassium deficiency. Therefore, a potassium supplement is essential for Client A.

Option 2: Dopamine increases blood pressure and is used to treat Ebstein anomaly. It does not affect the potassium levels.

Option 3: Captopril relaxes the coronary arteries and is used to treat acquired congenital heart disease. Captopril does not deplete the potassium levels.

Option 4: Prostaglandin E1 maintains blood flow to the lungs and is used to treat tricuspid atresia. Prostaglandin E1 does not reduce the potassium levels.

Davis Edge NCLEX Question of the Week #20

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For this week’s NCLEX Question of the Week…

Question:
The nurse is assessing the weight and height of 1-year-old children and comparing their current heights and weights to their birth weights and heights. Which child does the nurse expect to have proper growth and development?

nclex-q-20

Question Options:
1.) Child A
2.) Child B
3.) Child C
4.) Child D

Rationale:
Option 1: The child’s height is increased by only 0.6 foot and weight by only 9 lbs. The child who has adequate growth will have an increase of 1- foot in height and will triple the weight at birth after 1 year. However, the child has increased in height by 0.6 foot and the weight increase is 3lbs less than required which indicates inadequate development.

Option 2:From birth to 1 year, the weight of the child triples and the height increases by 1 foot if adequate nutrition and health are maintained. The child B’s weight tripled and height increased by 1 foot, therefore, child B is said to have appropriate growth and development.

Option 3:The child’s height is increased by only 0.6 foot and weight by only 10 lbs after a year and is less than the expected height and weight for a one-year-old child. Therefore, the child C has inadequate development.

Option 4: The child’s height is increased by 0.6 foot and weight by only 12 lbs compared to a height increase of 1 foot and weight that has tripled. This indicates that the child has inadequate development.

Davis Edge NCLEX Question of the Week #19

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Question:
The nurse is assessing a neonate’s eyes immediately after birth. What does the nurse infer from these findings?

19-q-of-the-week

Question Options:
1.) The neonate has cataracts.
2.) The neonate has normal findings.
3.) The neonate has neurological trauma.
4.) The neonate has osteogenesis imperfecta

Rationale:
Option 1: The neonate shows response to red light reflex. Therefore, the neonate does not have cataracts.
Option 2: The neonate does not have white or bluish-white sclera. Therefore, the neonate does not have normal findings.
Option 3: The neonate with neurological trauma is characterized by the presence of unequal pupil reactions.
Option 4: A neonate with osteogenesis imperfecta is characterized by the presence of blue sclera in the eye.

 

Davis Edge NCLEX Question of the Week #18

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Question
What is the reason behind possible glucose intolerance in an aging client?

Question Options:
1.) Decreased lipase and reserve of the pancreas
2.) Decreased number and size of the liver cells
3.) Decreased villae, enzymes, and motility in the small intestine
4.) Decreased protein synthesis of the liver

Correct Option(s): 1

Rationale
Option 1: Decreased lipase and reserve of the pancreas is responsible for possible glucose intolerance in an aging client.
Option 2: Decreased number and size of the liver cells in the aging client reduces metabolism of drugs and the ability to detoxify.
Option 3: Decreased villae, enzymes, and motility in the small intestine is responsible for decreased absorption of nutrients and fat-soluble vitamins in an aging client.
Option 4: Reduced protein synthesis of the liver in an aging client diminishes the metabolism of drugs and ability to detoxify.