nclex study tips

Davis Edge Question of the Week #26

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Question:
The registered nurse is evaluating a student nurse’s understanding of the components of the medication label. Which statement made by the student nurse indicates the need for further teaching?

26-nclex-q

Question Options:
1.) “The generic name of the drug is ERY-TAB.”
2.) “The dosage form of the drug is delayed-release tablets.”
3.) “The drug dose per tablet is 333 mg.”
4.) “The tablet can be administered with or without meals.”

Correct Option/Answers: 1

Rationale:
Option 1: ERY-TAB is the trade name of the drug, whereas erythromycin is the generic name of the drug.
Option 2: The drug is available in the form of delayed-release tablets.
Option 3: Each tablet contains 333 mg of the drug.
Option 4: According to the special instructions on the medication label, the drug can be administered without regard to meals.

Davis Edge Question of the Week #25

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Question:
Which documentation style is appropriate according to International System of Units (SI) rules of notation?

25-q-of-the-week

Question Options:
1.) A
2.) B
3.) C
4.) D

Correct Option/Answers: 4

Rationale:
Option 1: The unit symbol should be written in the singular form; therefore, it is inappropriate to document it as “8.5 mgs of medication.”
Option 2: The unit symbol should not be followed by a period unless it is the last word in a sentence; therefore, it is inappropriate to write as “5 mg. of medication.”
Option 3: There should be a space between the number and the unit symbol; therefore, “2mL IV injection” is inappropriate documentation.
Option 4: The documentation “5 mg of medication” recorded by student nurse D is correct notation according to the International System of Units (SI) rules of notation.

Davis Edge NCLEX Question of the Week #22

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Question:
A nurse is teaching posture maintenance for prevention of back injuries to a client. Which statement from the client indicates effective learning? Select all that apply.

Question Options:
1.) “I should sit close to my desk at work.”
2.) “I should lock my knees when standing upright.”
3.) “I should stand still for at least one hour after having lunch.”
4.) “I should sit with my feet flat on the floor and my knees flexed below my hips.”
5.) “I should bend forward at the waist when working in a low position.”

Correct Option/Answers: 1,4

Rationale:
Option 1: Sitting close to one’s work helps maintain proper posture by eliminating the need for inappropriate bending, stretching, or straining.
Option 2: It is important not to lock the knees when standing upright to maintain good posture.
Option 3: Avoiding standing in one position for any length of time is a key method for maintaining good posture.
Option 4: Sitting with the feet flat on the floor and knees below the hips improves the body posture.
Option 5: Avoid bending forward at the waist or neck when working in low position because it may lead to improper body alignment.

Davis Edge NCLEX Question of the Week #20

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For this week’s NCLEX Question of the Week…

Question:
The nurse is assessing the weight and height of 1-year-old children and comparing their current heights and weights to their birth weights and heights. Which child does the nurse expect to have proper growth and development?

nclex-q-20

Question Options:
1.) Child A
2.) Child B
3.) Child C
4.) Child D

Rationale:
Option 1: The child’s height is increased by only 0.6 foot and weight by only 9 lbs. The child who has adequate growth will have an increase of 1- foot in height and will triple the weight at birth after 1 year. However, the child has increased in height by 0.6 foot and the weight increase is 3lbs less than required which indicates inadequate development.

Option 2:From birth to 1 year, the weight of the child triples and the height increases by 1 foot if adequate nutrition and health are maintained. The child B’s weight tripled and height increased by 1 foot, therefore, child B is said to have appropriate growth and development.

Option 3:The child’s height is increased by only 0.6 foot and weight by only 10 lbs after a year and is less than the expected height and weight for a one-year-old child. Therefore, the child C has inadequate development.

Option 4: The child’s height is increased by 0.6 foot and weight by only 12 lbs compared to a height increase of 1 foot and weight that has tripled. This indicates that the child has inadequate development.

Davis Edge NCLEX Question of the Week #19

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Question:
The nurse is assessing a neonate’s eyes immediately after birth. What does the nurse infer from these findings?

19-q-of-the-week

Question Options:
1.) The neonate has cataracts.
2.) The neonate has normal findings.
3.) The neonate has neurological trauma.
4.) The neonate has osteogenesis imperfecta

Rationale:
Option 1: The neonate shows response to red light reflex. Therefore, the neonate does not have cataracts.
Option 2: The neonate does not have white or bluish-white sclera. Therefore, the neonate does not have normal findings.
Option 3: The neonate with neurological trauma is characterized by the presence of unequal pupil reactions.
Option 4: A neonate with osteogenesis imperfecta is characterized by the presence of blue sclera in the eye.