The wait is over! After receiving thousands of applications from undergraduate and graduate nursing students, we are delighted to announce the winners of our semi-annual Undergraduate & Graduate scholarships.
Being a nursing student means taking on a lot of responsibilities: test-taker, clinical-completer, patient-caretaker, and above all, superhero. As a future nurse, you’ll need to complete a series of exams and practical applications in order to pass nursing school and eventually the NCLEX -which can be an overwhelming prospect for new and veteran nursing students alike.
So before you brave the tests, rationales, clinical days, and yes – those pesky select-all-that-apply questions – we’re here to clue you in on the need-to-know survival tips, tricks, and tools that will ensure classroom and NCLEX success.
The nurse is reviewing the urinalysis reports of a client. What does the nurse conclude from these findings?
1.) The client has malaria.
2.) The client has proteinuria.
3.) The client has dehydration.
4.) The client has nephrolithiasis.
Correct Option/Answers: 1
Option 1: Urobilinogen levels greater than 1 mg/dL indicate malaria. Therefore, a urobilinogen value of 1.5 mg/dL indicates malaria in the client.
Option 2: Protein levels less than 20 mg/dL indicate normal findings; also, protein levels increase during proteinuria. Therefore, the client does not have proteinuria.
Option 3: The normal specific gravity of urine is in the range of 1.001–1.035. Increased urinary specific gravity indicates dehydration. As the client does not have increased urinary specific gravity, he or she does not have dehydration.
Option 4: Nephrolithiasis is characterized by hematuria. The normal red blood cell count in urine is less than 5/HPF. Therefore, a red blood cell count of 2/HPF does not indicate nephrolithiasis in the client.
The nurse is caring for clients with diabetes. After evaluating the nutritional status of the clients, which client does the nurse expect to be at risk of malnutrition?
1.) Client 1
2.) Client 2
3.) Client 3
4.) Client 4
Correct Option/Answers: 2
Option 1: The BMI of client 1 is 24.6, which indicates that the client 1 is of normal weight.
Option 2: The body mass index (BMI) is calculated by the formula, BMI = Weight in kilograms/(Height in meters) The BMI of the client 2 is 17.75, which is less than the normal and indicates underweight. Low BMI indicates malnutrition.
Option 3: By considering the weight and height, the BMI of client 3 is 21.32. This indicates that client 3 is of normal weight.
Option 4: The BMI of client 4 is 24.74, which indicates that client 4 is of normal weight.
The nurse is reviewing the red blood cells lab reports of several children who completed their treatment regimens to improve their anemia. Which child‘s condition is most improved due to the treatment?
1.) Child 1
2.) Child 2
3.) Child 3
4.) Child 4
Correct Option/Answers: 2
Option 1: Child 1 shows decreased levels of mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean cell hemoglobin concentration, and reticulocyte count.
Option 2: The normal red cell lab values in children are:
Mean corpuscular volume: 79-95 µm3
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin: 25-3 pg/cell
Mean cell hemoglobin concentration: 31%-37% Hgb [g]/dl RBC
Reticulocyte count: 0.5%-1.5%
The red cell lab values of Child 2 are normal and indicate that the child has received effective treatment.
Option 3: The laboratory reports of Child 3 show decreased levels of mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean cell hemoglobin concentration, and reticulocyte count.
Option 4: Child 4 has decreased levels of mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean cell hemoglobin concentration, and reticulocyte count.