sample pa review questions

Davis Edge Question of the Week #28

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Question:
The nurse is reviewing the red blood cells lab reports of several children who completed their treatment regimens to improve their anemia. Which child‘s condition is most improved due to the treatment?

28-q-of-the-week

Question Options:
1.) Child 1
2.) Child 2
3.) Child 3
4.) Child 4

Correct Option/Answers: 2

Rationale:
Option 1: Child 1 shows decreased levels of mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean cell hemoglobin concentration, and reticulocyte count.
Option 2: The normal red cell lab values in children are:
Mean corpuscular volume: 79-95 µm3
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin: 25-3 pg/cell
Mean cell hemoglobin concentration: 31%-37% Hgb [g]/dl RBC
Reticulocyte count: 0.5%-1.5%
The red cell lab values of Child 2 are normal and indicate that the child has received effective treatment.
Option 3: The laboratory reports of Child 3 show decreased levels of mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean cell hemoglobin concentration, and reticulocyte count.
Option 4: Child 4 has decreased levels of mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean cell hemoglobin concentration, and reticulocyte count.

Davis Edge Question of the Week #27

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Question:
A nurse is assessing four student nurses while adding sterile solution to the sterile field. Which student nurse’s action is correct?

27-nclex-q

Question Options:
1.) Student A
2.) Student B
3.) Student C
4.) Student D

Correct Option/Answers: 3

Rationale:
Option 1: The student nurse should hold the sterile solution 4 to 6 inches above the sterile field. Pouring the sterile solution from 9 inches would lead to splashing, which in turn contaminates the sterile field.
Option 2: Student B should not store the sterile solution for further use. Reusing the opened container will lead to contamination.
Option 3: Student C’s action is correct. The sterile bowl should be placed at the corner of the sterile field, which would prevent the nurse from reaching over and contaminating the field.
Option 4: Student D should wear the gloves after adding the supplies to the sterile field. Adding supplies after donning the sterile gloves would contaminate them.

Davis's PA Exam Review for the PANCE and PANRE Morton Diamond

Engineering and Reverse-Engineering Test Questions

A skilled test-item writer carefully “engineers” construction of the stem of a question.

The construction has specific goals:

Firstly, the item writer must be confident that test-taker clearly understands what is being asked in the question.

Secondly, there must be sufficient information that leads the test-taker to the correct diagnosis or away from incorrect diagnoses.

Thirdly, when the question asks for the preferred therapy, there must be appropriate information, for example, renal function values, or a co-existing condition, for example, pregnancy, that leads the test-taker to the correct response.

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Test Taking Tips for Students Morton Diamond F.A. Davis Company

More Test-Taking Tips for Students from our author, Dr. Mort Diamond

In my earlier entry, I wrote about common errors made by test-takers. Probably the most common error made by the test-taker is that he or she hurriedly reads the stem without careful attention to all details.

Here is another example:

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Test Taking Tips for Students Morton Diamond F.A. Davis Company

Breaking Down a Test Question with our Author, Dr. Mort Diamond

This is the time of year that many new graduates in the health professions prepare for national certifying examinations.

I write from several perspectives: a professor with many years’ experience in medical education, an experienced test item writer who served on a national certifying board, and as the author of two medical review books.

A certifying examination is a “two-way street.”

The test item writers must be careful in constructing the stem of questions. As an example, the skilled writer tries to do the following:

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